Last edited by Terg
Tuesday, November 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Pavement roughness characteristics affecting the dynamic loads of heavy vehicles found in the catalog.

Pavement roughness characteristics affecting the dynamic loads of heavy vehicles

Manoj Sharad Gujarathi

Pavement roughness characteristics affecting the dynamic loads of heavy vehicles

  • 350 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Pavements -- Cracking.,
  • Pavements -- Live loads.,
  • Trucks -- Riding qualities -- Analysis.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Manoj Sharad Gujarathi.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 95 leaves, bound :
    Number of Pages95
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17003978M

    The profile database of the Long-Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) program was used in this study. This program was established in by the U.S. government as part of the Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP). The LTPP program consists of two study groups: General Pavement Studies (GPS) and Specific Pavement Studies (SPS). roadway, which, in turn, is affected by pavement smoothness or roughness. Pavement roughness describes the irregularities in the surface of the pavement. As Hveem stated, “Ever since roads and highways have been constructed, the people who use them have been keenly. PAVEMENT ROUGHNESS: MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION by R. L. Rizenbergs, J. L. Burchett and L. E. Davis ABSTRACT Vertical accelerations of a passenger in an automobile are automatically summed while traveling a section of road at mph ( m/s). A roughness index is obtained by dividing this sum by the.


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Pavement roughness characteristics affecting the dynamic loads of heavy vehicles by Manoj Sharad Gujarathi Download PDF EPUB FB2

All the studies showed that dynamic pavement loads could be large fractions of the static loads applied to the road surface by heavy vehicles. They showed that Pavement roughness characteristics affecting the dynamic loads of heavy vehicles book loads tended to increase with increasing vehicle speed and road roughness, and that dynamic loading depended on the type of suspension Size: KB.

Cebon [15] and Gillespie et al. [16] studied the impact of heavy vehicles on pavement. They simplified heavy vehicles as a mass-spring-damper system to consider the effect of.

Roughness Model Describing Heavy Vehicle-Pavement Interaction A. PepacnNNAKrs eNn M. Gulenarur The pavement roughness characteristics that affect interaction between pavement ancl heavy vehicles are addressed. A roughness model describing the pavement roughness attributes affecting heavy vehicles is presented.

Dynamic vehicle response data from two. The direct pavement characteristics influencing pavement performance are roughness, rutting, skid resistance, reflectance, and tire-pavement noise. The pavement performance is just the outward manifestation of the pavement characteristics, whereas the structural behavior of the pavement can cause the change in pavement performance over time.

This study deals with the pavement roughness characteristics that affect pavement-heavy vehicle interaction. Dynamic vehicle response data from two sources was analyzed, namely experimental data obtained with the instrumented vehicle developed by the NRCC and simulated data obtained with a quarter-vehicle simulation.

Pavement Roughness and Fuel Consumption August 5 2 REALIZING ROUGHNESS Roughness is an indicator of the state of a roadway, often used with other metrics to characterize the health of a road network as a whole as well as to prioritize road segments for maintenance and Size: 2MB.

Effect of Road Roughness and Vehicle Speed on Dynamic Load Prediction and Pavement Performance Reduction. However, the dynamic loads induced by roughness can be considerably higher than the static load in specific locations of a pavement section, causing an unexpected adverse impact on the performance of pavement structures.

the effects Author: Boris Goenaga Silvera, Luis G Fuentes, Otto Mora. pavement roughness can lead to changes in speed and emissions by developing a free-flow speed model on California freeways, using pavement roughness as one of the explanatory variables.

Pavement roughness (which paradoxically is sometimes termed “smoothness” from the opposite perspective). For book authors; News; About.

About us; About our journals; About our archives; About our eBooks; Contact; Home; Heavy vehicles and roads technology, safety and policy; Truck factors affecting dynamic loads and road damage. computation for pavement design and analysis, studies have been conducted by many highway agencies to quantify the axle load distributions of these vehicles ().

This paper is a report of a recent study in Singapore to characterize the axle loads of heavy vehicles for use in pavement design and performance Size: KB. An increase in pavement roughness leads to higher dynamic axle loads in certain portions of the road.

This amplification in the load magnitude can lead to a tangible acceleration in pavement distress; the increased distress, in turn, makes the pavement surface rougher. This process is the result of the interaction between vehicles and pavements.

Structural Behavior of Asphalt Pavements provides engineers and researchers with a detailed guide to the structural behavioral dynamics of asphalt pavement including: pavement temperature distribution, mechanistic response of pavement structure under the application of heavy vehicles, distress mechanism of pavement, and pavement deterioration.

The dynamic load produced at the tire pavement interface for all pavement profiles was modeled. Two roughness indices, The International Roughness Index (IRI) and the Dynamic Load Index (DLI), were determined for each profile. A correlation model between the IRI and the DLI was by: 1.

EFFECT OF HEAVY TRUCKS WITH LARGE AXLE GROUPS ON ASPHALT PAVEMENT DAMAGE Karim Chatti1, Hassan Salama2 and Chadi El Mohtar2 1Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University.

2 Graduate Students, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University. ABSTRACT The pavement. Data collected on the roughness and free-flow speed of cars and heavy vehicles at a length of 55 km on three highways in India was used to establish the relationship between these two variables.

EFFECTS OF HEAVY-VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS ON PAVEMENT RESPONSE AND PERFORMANCE. The high wheel loads of heavy trucks are a major source of pavement damage by causing fatigue, which leads to cracking, and by. estimating the damage and the related cost associated with heavy traffic loads. These are described below.

• Incremental Design. This method involves the design of two new pavements for future service – one without any of the heavy vehicles in question, and one with the additional heavy vehicle loads.

ABSTRACT: Roughness of asphalt pavement affects the ride quality and also generates dynamic load of heavy vehicles to give the pavement structure additional damage. However, few studies about the deviation of dynamic load and its influence to the structural damage of the pavement have been performed.

So, we have conducted the following computerFile Size: KB. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF.

Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text. Moreover, the dynamic stresses in the subsoil may be dramatically affected by the dynamic component of the moving load (caused by pavement roughness).

It was also found that the influences of the dynamic component on the resulting dynamic stresses become much more profound when a stiffer subsoil and/or lower vehicle speed are encountered.

Based on the suspension system and the road roughness, the truck-pavement interaction was modeled to estimate the dynamic load applied to the pavement. These analyses were incorporated in a new module of IntPave to modify the static load amplitudes to dynamic ones. The dynamic Load Coefficient (DLC) is used to modify the traditional static load.

Pavement structural characteristics a. Coefficient of drainage (Cd or Mi) – Cd is the coefficient of drainage for rigid pavement design used to account for improved or decreased quality of drainage.

Mi is the coefficient of drainage for flexible pavement design used to File Size: KB. Keywords: vehicle, dynamic, pavement, roughness, random. Introduction. In general, during the vehicle project and design development phase, the automotive industry utilizes a combination of design tools such as vehicle modal response from numerical simulation (Costa, ), laboratory tests with shaker rigs (Boggs, ) and the results of.

Several factors affecting pavement design were discussed, the most important being wheel load. Since pavements are designed to take moving loads, slow moving loads and static loads can be detrimental to the pavement. Temperature also influences pavement design especially the frost action which is very important in cold countries.

Problems. Robbins’and’Tran’ ’ ’ 1. 1.% INTRODUCTION% % Background% Ride!quality!as!ameasure!of!pavementroughness!plays!an!importantroleinusers’!levelof. Investigation of Factors Affecting Pavement Roughness This study was conducted as a large scale database on pavement characteristics to satisfy all pavement information needs, identifying how pavement performs and to road-vehicle dynamic interactions and usually involves the increase of vehicles and.

It applies flight dynamics and vibration principle to create vibration model of aircraft landing gear considering aircraft tire damping, and get the equation of analytical solution based on the impact on airfield pavement roughness.

It studies the relationship between dynamic load coefficient and time and speed and roughness. For a special aircraft, it gives the allowable level for pavement Cited by: 1.

Section 4: Pavement Types Anchor: #i Rigid and Flexible Pavement Characteristics. The primary structural difference between a rigid and flexible pavement is the manner in which each type of pavement distributes traffic loads over the subgrade.

This study is concerned with simulation of dynamic vehicle load on road pavement resulting from the interaction between a quarter-truck vehicle and road surface roughness. A comparison of calculated and experimental values related to the statistical characteristics of dynamic vehicle load demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed : Jeng-Hsiang Lin.

The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of vehicle operation properties on vehicle dynamic loads. A continuous or distributed model is formulated using a two-dimensional (2D) half-truck finite element model and analysed.

Using the 2D half-truck finite element model, numerical simulations were performed to obtain the dynamic loads using Cited by: 8. Road surface roughness excites low- and high-frequency vibration modes of a heavy articulated vehicle body.

These vibrations result in motions in all directions that detract from the driver’s perceived ride and comfort and increase pavement damage due to Cited by: 9. The effect of pavement roughness on vehicle fuel consumption Unknown Binding – January 1, by Frederic R Ross (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

The Amazon Book Review Author interviews, book reviews, editors' picks, and more. Author: Frederic R Ross. Fatigue Strength of a Chassis of a Semi-Heavy Truck M.

Zehsaz, M.H. Sadeghi under Dynamic Loads due to Real Road Roughness M. Ettefagh, R. Hassannejad 2. Modelling of truck, chassis and connections Truck chassis and loads The chassis of semi heavy trucks, similar to the chassis presented in Fig.

2, are usuallyFile Size: 4MB. The dynamic effect of road unevenness adds a factor to the road wear calculated from static axle loads. This effect is caused by an interaction between the dynamic of the vehicle and the wave length and amplitude of the road surface roughness, and depending on the travel speed.

how the dynamic loading increases as the roughness increases. As the IRI (International Roughness Index) increases all types of dynamic loading goes up, dramatically increasing the damage and decreasing the life of the pavement.

Clearly, different vehicles cause different damage, but they de-crease the life of the pavement andFile Size: 1MB. Some of the loads approach 2, lb. Due to the magnitude of these loads, there is a risk of causing severe pavement damage in one pass.

All super heavy loads must be permitted through the Motor Carrier Division (MCD) of the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles. 27 INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DYNAMIC AXLE LOAD, ROUGHNESS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION Imen Zaabar1 and Karim Chatti1* 1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University, S.

Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI * Corresponding author: [email protected] Smoothness. ProVAL. Target Performance Objective: Percent of travel on the NHS meeting the pavement performance standards for good and acceptableincrease the percentage of vehicle miles traveled on pavement with good ride quality to %, and increase the percentage of vehicle miles traveled on pavement with acceptable ride quality to 95%.

pavement roughness on the vehicle speed is very small on the roads with IRI values less than 5m/km, such are usually the roads located in most developed countries. Keywords: road roughness, pavement condition, vehicle speed, IRI, HDM, travel time.

engineers is the magnitude of actual dynamic loads exerted by heavy vehicles on bridges and roads. Experimental, analytical, and numerical studies were conducted to estimate the actual values of impact factors which represent dynamic overloading as compared with static loads (Kwasniewski et al.

A need for. pavement roughness models by numerical simulation. A mathematical model has been developed for simulating the deterioration process of flexible road pavements, by taking into account pavement structure, traffic loads, vehicle characteristics, material properties and climatic conditions.

The model that was.vehicle dynamic behavior. Thevertical elevation of an unpaved road surface has been measured. The roughness spectral density is quantified as ISO Level C.

Calculations for the vehicle inertance function were derived by using the vertical contact force transfer function weighed by the pavement spectral density roughness function in the frequency.equipment size has raised concerns within the pavement industry, as these heavy vehicles have potential to cause significant pavement damage.

At present, all implements of husbandry are exempted from axle weight and gross vehicle weight restrictions in Minnesota. However, they must comply with the lb per inch of tire width restriction.